ENergy TRANsitions from Coal and carbon: Effects on Societies (ENTRANCES)

Project funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme
Grant Agreement: 883947
Duration: 36 months
Start date: 1/05/2020
The project official website

Under the influence of globalisation, digitisation, automatization, ageing population, internal migrations, many European regions are experiencing a deep and sometimes painful transformation of their social, economic and cultural life. The clean energy transition, if not properly managed, may become an additional and decisive factor of “deterritorialisation” for those regions that are still heavily dependent on fossil-fuel-based industries or the extraction of fossil fuels themselves, i.e. coal and carbon-intensive regions. In this framework, the EU H2020 funded ENTRANCES project will investigate the challenges facing carbon-intensive regions in transition hinging on the idea that the transition to clean energy should not be considered only as a technological change or an industrial shift but also a socio-economic-psychological process that affects the daily life of local communities. The project will integrate, in a single research framework and in a cross European study focused on 13 coal and carbon-intensive regions, socio-economic factors, political dynamics and deep territorial transformations linked to the energy transition.

ENTRANCES will take place over a three-year period and it is coordinated by the University of A Coruña, and will be conducted by a consortium of 14 partners from 12 European countries. Within ENTRANCES, besides participating in all the phases of the research, K&I is leading the work for the conceptual specification of the multidimensional analytic framework to be adopted in studying and comparing the 13 coal and carbon-intensive regions in transition involved.


Launch of the Sulcis “Place attachment and decarbonization” survey

On September 27, 2021, Knowledge and Innovation, together with ENEA and with the support of the University of Cagliari, launched the survey on “Attachment to places and decarbonisation”, which is being carried out in the Sulcis area (southern Sardinia).

The objective of the survey, carried out as part of the ENTRANCES (Energy Transitions from coal and carbon: Effects on Societies) project, is to understand the effects of the decarbonisation process on individual socio-psychological conditions and on possible changes in the relationship between individuals and the territory, including the choice to emigrate. The results of the survey will be compared with those obtained in 12 other coal and carbon intensive regions in Europe, all facing the challenges of decarbonisation.  The survey will collect 400 responses from the inhabitants of nine municipalities in the Sulcis area (Calasetta, Carbonia, Carloforte, Gonnesa, Perdaxius, Portoscuso, San Giovanni Suergiu, Sant’Antioco, Tratalias). These municipalities have been identified as those most exposed to decarbonisation processes. Knowledge and Innovation will use the results of the survey, together with those of other methodologies (focus groups, text research, data analysis and in-depth interviews) to develop a Case Study on Sulcis.

ENTRANCES co-creation meeting

On June 10th 2021 the ENTRANCES project organised a virtual co-creation meeting on “Co-creating knowledge on coal and carbon-intensive regions in transition: EU policy and scientific approach”.
The main objective of this co-creation meeting was to trigger and help drive dialogue to ensure that the future results of the ENTRANCES project can support EU policies, contribute to bridging the current knowledge gap, and produce policy recommendations to tackle the multiple challenges faced by communities in the European coal and carbon-intensive regions.
The co-creation meeting was divided into two sessions. At the morning session, the discussion was focused on the impacts of the EU policies and the presentation of the ENTRANCES project. The session was opened by the Project coordinator, Ricardo Garcia Mira and the representatives of different directorates of the European Commission, ENER, RTD, EMPL, REGIO and the Cabinet of the Executive Vice President for European Green Deal Frans Timmermans intervened. During this session, Giovanni Caiati of K&I and Manfred Spiesberger of ZSI, presented the overall approach of the ENTRANCES project. 
The afternoon session was dedicated to an exchange of experiences among representatives of European and International coal and carbon-intensive regions in transition, regional experts on energy transition and gender and representatives of different European research projects focused on these issues, including the sister projects TRACER, TIPPING+ and CINTRAN. During the afternoon session, Fabio Feudo, of K&I, chaired one of the three discussion rooms.
Overall more than 100 policymakers, experts, regional stakeholders and researchers participated in the meeting. The co-creation meeting was virtually hosted by EURADA – The European Association of Regional Development Agencies – and chaired by its director Esteban Pelayo.

Focus Group in Carbonia

On July 23rd and 24th 2021 in Carbonia (Italy), K&I with ENEA and the support of Cagliari University organised the Focus Group activities of the Sulcis case study which the three organisations are conducting in the framework of the ENTRANCES project. The ENTRANCES focus group is a research tool conceived to combine scientific knowledge on globalisation-induced stress factors and “local knowledge” disclosed by key informants through a participatory mapping process. Nine local key informants participated in the focus group, which was implemented thanks to a facilitating team composed by Giovanni Caiati (K&I), Paolo Deiana (ENEA) and Luca Frigau (Cagliari University). The results and the maps produced by the focus group will be formalised during the next weeks and shared with the participants.
As this was the first test of the methodology, the results obtained will be used to fine tune the approach in view of its application in the other 12 case studies of the project, that are implemented in 10 European countries.


The online kick-off meeting of ENTRANCES project was held from 5 to 7 May 2020. Ricardo Garcia Mira, professor of environmental psychology at A Coruna University and coordinator of the project, introduced the meeting by presenting ENTRANCES main features. Moreover, several representatives of A Coruna University, members of the Project Scientific Advisory Board and representatives of policymaking intervened to present their greetings. Among them, Laura Martín Burillo, member of the Cabinet of the Vice-President of the Government of Spain, who underlined how the project can be useful also for the national policies of the energy transition. In the same session Manuela Conconi, INEA Project Officer and Gerd Schonwalder, RTD Policy Officer for the Social aspects of energy transition of the European Commission gave their speeches, along with Paul Baker, from the Secretariat of the Platform for Coal Regions in Transition.
Over subsequent sessions, the other contents and activities of the project were presented with a focus on the issue of the multidisciplinary approach adopted by the project – ENTRANCES includes socio-economic, socio-technical, socio-ecological, socio-cultural, socio-political, and socio-psychological aspects; a description of the 13 coal and carbon-intensive regions included in the study; and a discussion on the problem of the knowledge integration and scientific communication activities foreseen by the project. Despite the virtual nature of the meeting, more than 40 researchers participated over the three days. The scientific advisory board of the project actively attended the meeting as well.